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Some farmers are now raising insects in Canada. Crickets, and other insect species, are a major source of protein in human and animal diets in some parts of the world. Over two billion people eat insect protein every day, from Mexico to Asia. Insect-based products, from baking  our to nutrition bars and pasta sauces, are appearing also in Canadian shops and restaurants. North America’s largest cricket farm is located near Peterborough, Ontario, where the insects are raised
in “cricket condos”.
Quick Fact
A tablespoon of cricket powder weighs about 10 grams, and contains seven grams of protein and 42 calories.
Aquaculture ( sh farming) is the aquatic form of agriculture. Since Canada has
the world’s longest coastline, the world’s largest freshwater system, and the world’s largest tidal range, aquaculture is a natural choice.
In Canada, aquaculture generates $3.1 billion in economic activity and creates over 15,000 jobs throughout the food production value chain. Two-thirds of all workers are under the age of 35.20 Most farmed  sh are raised in natural water areas, but some are also grown in large tanks on inland  sh farms. The water used
in those tanks is recycled, and  sh manure and unused nutrients can be collected and used in compost as fertilizer.
Canadian  sh farmers raise more than a dozen types of  sh and shell sh. The main three species of  n sh raised are salmon, rainbow trout (steelhead), and arctic char. When it comes to shell sh, mussels and oysters are the most common types of shell sh farmed in Canada, while clams and scallops are also produced in smaller amounts. And some Canadian farmers have even begun raising shrimp.
Beyond traditional farm animals
Courtesy of FFC Saskatchewan
Canada’s growing ethnic communities, and a subsequent desire by consumers for more diverse food, means that farmers are also raising less traditional livestock, especially in Western Canada, where most of Canada’s bison and elk live. These animals are mainly raised for meat, but antler velvet from elk and deer is also an ingredient in holistic medicines, which are produced in North America for export to Asian countries. Llamas and alpacas are raised for their wool, which is prized for its cashmere-like softness.
Rows of “cricket condos”
Fish farms
An open water  sh farm
Pro le
Nolan D’Eon
When Nolan D’Eon retired from a lifetime of lobster and herring  shing two years ago, he became a full-time sea farmer. Now, his southwest Nova Scotia family business grows oysters that are marketed across North America. The Bay of Fundy tides are the highest in the world, so the oysters enjoy a 24/7 buffet of natural feed and grow quickly on the water’s surface.
“I like the reaction of people who eat our product and say to us, ‘wow, that was a good oyster!’ Every box of oysters we sell has our tag on it, and it’s a great feeling when somebody tells you what you’re doing is good,” says D’Eon.
16 The Real Dirt on Farming
Courtesy of BC salmon farmers
Nolan D’Eon

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