Page 2 - RealDirtENG2017new
P. 2
Jessica Richardson
Table of Contents
Introduction – Our food has a story, and it starts with Canadian farms
4 Canadian farming - the big picture
• Farmerdemographics–whois growing our food?
• WhoisCanada’stypicalfarmer?
• Farmsbigandsmall
• Regionalroundup
8 Farm animals 101 • Turkeysandchickens
• LayingHens
• What’saruminant?
• Beefcattle
• Dairycows
• Realdealaboutveal
• Sheepandgoats
• Pigs
• Beyondtraditionalfarmanimals • Whataboutfurfarming?
• Horses
18 Let’s talk crops • Grainsandoilseeds
• Pulsesandspecialtycrops
• Greenhousesbloomyear-round • Heritagevarietiesandnewcrops • Aseasonforeverything
• Wine,ciderandbeer
24 Food security, affordability and the economics of farming
• Theeconomicsoffood
• It takes money to make money
• Food choices and accessibility
• What does “organic food” mean?
• Food labels and claims – what do they
really mean? • Eating locally • Waste not
• Farm labour
30 Safe food starts on the farm • Foodsafetyonlivestockfarms
- What about hormones?
- Antibiotics and antimicrobial
resistance
- Animal and human health issues in
the spotlight
- What’s up with raw milk -Scanningacow,sheeporpig?
• Food safety on crop farms
- Why do farmers use pesticides?
- What’s being done to ensure our food
is safe?
- Better science for more sustainable
food production
• What is biotechnology or GMO?
• Waste reducing crops?
• Better health through functional foods
• Your food is in your hands
40 Farmers - the active environmentalists
• Cropfarmingandtheenvironment
- What’s the deal with no-till?
- The origin of soil
- Crops that cover the soil
- Using technology to outsmart nature - Barcodes aren’t just for supermarkets
anymore
- Energy from sun, wind – and even
plants
• Farm animals and the environment
- Are cow burps and farts changing our climate?
- What about manure and water?
- Wildlife habitat isn’t just in parks • Water, water everywhere . . . or not • The buzz about bees
- Pollinators, bee health and pesticides
52 Caring for farm animals
• Adresscodeforthebarn?It’scalled
biosecurity
• Why are most farm animals raised
indoors in Canada?
• Why can’t they have more space? • What are the rules for raising farm
animals?
• Livestock on the move
• Pros and cons of animal practices • Animal Welfare or animal rights?
58 Food, farming and the future
• Cityfarming
• Biowhat?
• Whatweneedforasustainablefuture
Front cover photo credits: Jennifer Eastman, Derek Van De Walle, Herbert Grain Ventures, Bethany Atkinson Back cover photo credits: Johnnie Clu , Jennifer Eastman, Reid William Eyre, Beracha Knor
Farm photos in this book are all taken of Canadian farms, or of Canadian farmers. Many were winning entries in Farm & Food Care Canada’s Farm Photo Contest. Photo credits are listed, where available.
Sources, where noted, are available in the online version of this publication at www.RealDirtonFarming.ca.


































































































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