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Archeological  nds tell us that farmers have been growing pulses (beans, lentils, and peas) for almost 10,000 years. 24
Quick Fact
Prince Edward Island produced
1.17 billion kilograms of potatoes in 2016. Every year, the small maritime province accounts for approximately 25 per cent of Canada’s potato production.
Courtesy of Bryan Maynard
Fruits and vegetables
More than 120 different fruit and vegetable crops are grown in Canada, on over 27,500 horticulture farms.17 This range includes apples, pears, peaches, cherries, cranberries, blueberries, grapes, ginseng, garlic, onions, carrots, peppers, asparagus, lettuce, potatoes, cauli ower, cucumbers, cabbage, broccoli, herbs, and so much more.
Farmers in Ontario, Québec, and British Columbia are responsible for 90 per cent of Canada’s total vegetable production, and 65.6 per cent of the country’s total fruit production area.18
Mushrooms: a year-round Canadian crop
Unlike many Canadian crops, mushrooms, an edible fungus, are grown on Canadian farms year-round. Over 200 million pounds of mushrooms are produced annually
on more than 100 Canadian farms; approximately 60 of those farms supply Canada’s grocers. Canada’s most popular mushroom is the white button, followed
by brown and Portobello mushrooms. The average Canadian eats about 1.6 kilograms (3.5 pounds) of mushrooms every
year.25 Oh, and the little black specks you sometimes see on mushrooms at the store? That’s peat moss from the beds where the mushrooms grow – just rinse or wipe it off before eating.
Pro le
Bryan & Kyle Maynard
Bryan Maynard is a  fth generation farmer who farms together with his brother Kyle in Prince Edward Island. Together they grow potatoes and grain on a farm they bought from their grandfather in 2015. The brothers supply potato processor Cavendish Farms, so their focus is on growing high quality, high yielding potatoes – which they do by having a separate land management plan for each  eld they own or rent.
“It’s a really good way to ensure that we’re using the land sustainably,” says Bryan, who has been passionate about farming since he was young. “Farming’s your life, not a job. It chose me, really”.
20 The Real Dirt on Farming
Kyle & Bryan Maynard

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