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Ashton Irwin
Scanning a cow, sheep, or pig?
Canada’s dairy and beef farmers must identify all their animals through the Canadian Cattle Identi cation Agency with individualized radio frequency identi cation (RFID) ear tags. These tags link electronically to a database of information about each animal, including its date of birth, farm of origin, and identi cation number, and they help farmers and meat processors to maintain and promote food safety and traceability.
Sheep farmers must also follow a mandatory tagging program for their animals, and a similar program for goat farmers is to be launched in 2018. Canada is one of the  rst countries in the world to launch a national traceability system for pigs. Livestock identi cation is a key step in a system that can respond quickly to disease outbreaks or food safety emergencies, should they arise.
QuickFact
Pesticides help farmers to grow more food on less land. Without pesticides and plant biotechnology, Canada’s farmers would need to cultivate 35 million more acres to produce the same amount of food. That would mean fewer natural forests, wetlands, and other wildlife habitats.60
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The Real Dirt on Farming
What’s up with raw milk?
Pathogens such as salmonella or E. coli can exist on many foods, from dairy products to fruits and vegetables. These pathogens can make people sick, or if severe enough, can even cause death. To eliminate this risk in milk, government health and safety standards require all milk to be pasteurized before being sold – a process whereby harmful bacteria are destroyed by heating milk to a high temperature, then rapidly cooling it. Pasteurization does not negatively affect milk quality, though it does extend the shelf-life of milk and dairy products.
Raw milk has not been pasteurized, meaning pathogens may still be present. It is illegal to sell raw milk or cream products in Canada, with the exception of certain raw milk cheeses.
Courtesy of FFC Saskatchewan
Farmers inspecting a  eld of wheat
Why do farmers use pesticides?
Pests are called pests for a reason, because they are a nuisance that can hurt and destroy crops. Together with other methods of crop protection and good management, pesticides have helped farmers to grow more and better-quality fruits, vegetables, and  eld crops. Being able to protect plants against pests and diseases reduces the risk of crop failures, improves the quality and quantity of food available, and helps keep food prices affordable.
Jennifer Huberts
Food safety on crop farms


































































































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