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Regional roundup
Canada is a big country – the second largest in the world, in fact – and farmers in all provinces have their own challenges and opportunities based on what they do. The key to Canada’s farm and food success has always been diversity. Here’s a snapshot:17
Darryl Smith
• Farms in Newfoundland and Labrador market their products directly to consumers to a greater extent than anywhere else in the country.
• Over 40 per cent of the land in Prince Edward Island is used for growing crops and raising animals.
• Nova Scotia grows more apples than any other province in Atlantic Canada.
• Potatoes are the dominant crop in New Brunswick, excluding hay and alfalfa.
• Québec leads the country in dairy, maple syrup, pork, nut, fruit, and berry production.
• Ontario produces more soybeans than any other province, and is home to two-thirds of Canada’s greenhouse vegetable production.
• Manitoba has the highest proportion of young farmers, and the second youngest farm population in Canada after Québec.
• Saskatchewan is the largest producer of crops such as canola, wheat, and lentils.
• Alberta has the most beef cattle, with 48.6 per cent of the national herd (or 3.34 million animals) in the province.
• British Columbia has the largest number of small farms (those producing less than $10,000 in gross income) and more female farmers than any other province; 37.5 per cent of BC’s farmers are women.
• Oats are the most common  eld crop in the Yukon and Northwest Territories, excluding hay and alfalfa, while poultry and egg farms make up 44 per cent of agricultural income in those regions.
farmer can produce it pro tably. It’s all part of sustainable farming.
Ashton Irwin
What does sustainable farming mean to you?
If a farmer decides to grow a new crop, consideration must be given to the food safety and quality of the crop, what impact its growth may have on the environment, who might buy the crop, and where the
The Real Dirt on Farming 7

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