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In Canada, there are thousands of farmers caring for a wide variety of livestock and poultry. Here are some basics on many of the main types raised in this country.
Turkeys and chickens
Turkeys and chickens raised for meat always roam freely around the barn. They’re housed in modern barns where temperature, humidity, light, and ventilation are carefully monitored to ensure that the birds stay healthy. The barn  oor is covered with a soft bedding material of straw or wood shavings. Water and pelleted feeds made of grains such
as wheat, corn and soybeans (similar in appearance to hamster food) are always available, so the birds can help themselves any time they want. This feeding system is called “free choice”.
Most poultry farmers put all their new birds into the barn at the same time. This makes sense from both a logistics and disease prevention perspective, as the entire  ock will be shipped to market on one day. The barns are then cleaned out, and all bedding and manure are removed to get ready for the next  ock, helping
to keep the new birds healthy. Disease prevention is always preferred over disease treatment.
Farmer
Pro le
Ivy Rachkewich
Third generation Saskatchewan chicken farmer Ivy Rachkewich has been around chickens all her life. Her husband is away a lot for work, so the mother of four is the main owner/operator of their family farm. She’s also a part-time school librarian so she gets up early to make sure their 50,000 birds are fed, watered and cared for before she goes to school.
“When I’m walking through the barns I feel a sense of pride knowing that I am growing healthy, safe chickens that I feed my own kids, family and friends. I’m proud that my chickens have the best growing conditions where they don’t have to compete for food or water or worry about the weather or predators,” says Ivy.
DID YOU KNOW?
No chickens, turkeys, or egg- laying hens in Canada are ever fed hormones. The idea that hormones are used in poultry production is a major misconception – they’ve actually been banned here for over 50 years.
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The Real Dirt on Farming
CHAPTER 2
Ivy Rachkewich


































































































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